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The field of play at the Rio 2016 Olympic Games.

Archery first appeared in the Olympic Games in 1900 and was contested again in 1904, 1908, and 1920. Women competed in the 1904 Olympics, making archery one of the first sports to include events for both genders.

The sport then had a 52-year hiatus from the Olympics. It was re-introduced to the programme in 1972, with individual events for men and women.

Para archery has been integral to the Paralympic movement since the beginning when the sport was used as a rehabilitation tool for injured veterans at Stoke Mandeville Hospital.

Para archery was the first sport in which wheelchair athletes had organised competition and was one of the original Paralympic sports at Rome 1960. It has been present on the programme of every Summer Paralympic Games since.

Separate individual competitions are held for men and women, as well as mixed team events.

A mosaic of ancient Persian archers held in the Berlin museum.

Archery is one of the oldest arts still practised today. The evolution of archery began at the start of mankind’s history, and evidence of ancient archers has been found around the world.

Although archery probably dates back to the Stone Age – around 20,000BC – the earliest people known to have regularly used bows and arrows were the Ancient Egyptians, who adopted archery around 3,000BC for hunting and warfare.